British scientists have made discoveries that affected England, but Sir Isaac Newton made discoveries that changed machinery forever. Newton’s discoveries are many, but the main discovery of the laws of motion severely impacted the Industrial Revolution. Newton’s scientific discoveries, opened doors for many inventions, technologies, and other major advancements during the Industrial Revolution. Sir Isaac Newton lead a life of scientific research and discoveries, and found three laws of motion that became the foundation of the automotive industry and began the Industrial Revolution.
Sir Isaac Newton became an esteemed scientist through his academic career and his lust to question everything. Newton was born in 1643 and raised in Woolsthorpe, England with three step siblings, a stepfather, and his mother. His early academic career began at The King’s School in Grantham, where he was taught Greek and Latin but not mathematics. Newton then continued in his academic career by attending Trinity College in Cambridge, where he made some of his most famous discoveries. While in college he created theories that would eventually become calculus. After achieving his Bachelor of Arts degree, he went back to his home in Woolsthorpe, due to the Great Plague. Over the span of two years, Newton developed his theories of calculus, optics, and the law of gravitation. Newton’s discoveries would eventually lead him to the discovery of the laws of motion. Newton proceeded to write academic articles and published many books on his findings. As a religious man, Newton wrote many religious tracts dealing with the literal and symbolic interpretation of the Bible. Newton later became the post wardens of the Royal Mint, and later named Master of the Mint. Newton was known as one of the best at his job and held his position for approximately thirty years of his life. From the end of his college career, Newton had been a member of the Royal Society. Over the years, Newton had become a high ranking member of the society, and was eventually named President of the Royal Society. A few years after Newton was named President of the Royal Society, during a royal visit to Trinity College, Queen Anne knighted Newton. After Newton was knighted, he became the second scientist to be knighted, after Sir Francis Bacon. Newton then proceeded to become a reseeded at Cranbury Park, where he lived with his half-niece and her husband. After staying with his half-niece, Newton went to London, where he died in his sleep on the 31st of March in the year 1727. Although Newton has died, his work with the laws of motion continued to live.
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Newton’s discoveries of how the universe worked, lead him to discover the three laws of motion. These laws helped others create several inventions and expanded the world’s view on mechanics. For example, many amusement park rides began from Newton’s laws of motion, roller coasters and Ferris wheels. One law states that an object in motion will say in that motion, unless acted on by an external force. For example, a roller coaster is made with hills so that the motion of the roller coaster won’t be stopped by friction till the ride is over. Another law states that an object’s acceleration is determined on the amount of force and the mass of the object. For example, if a person kicked a brick wall, it wouldn’t move, but if the person kicked a balloon, it would move. Another example of the law is inside an engine; when the gasoline explodes in the cylinder of an engine, the force of the explosion forces the piston to move, which projects the machine in a direction. The final law of motion states that every action has an equal and opposite reaction. For example, a bird flies because it’s wings push the air down, forcing the bird up into the air. An example of an invention for this law is the invention of rockets. A rocket is projected forward by an engine, while pushing the flames and exhaust backwards. These laws also helped English inventors create new inventions: the first internal combustion engine, the first electrical generator, the linear motor, the hydraulic crane, the steam turbine, the compression ignition engine, and others. These inventions helped bring about the inventions of automobiles, trains, and many others. Although these inventions are unique in their own way, they all involved Newton’s discoveries about how motion and force works.
Although Sir Isaac Newton died before the Industrial Revolution, Newton’s laws of motion made the revolution possible. Because of Newton’s three laws of motion, the engine was made, then the automobile, and then the industry. The Industrial Revolution was a time of mechanical advancement, and the beginning of the automotive industry. The Industrial Revolution lasted from 1760 to approximately 1850. With the discovery of the steam engine, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot designed and built the first steam powered automobile in 1768. Then, a few years later a man named François Isaac de Rivaz designed the first internal combustion engine automobile with a fuel source of hydrogen. Although these automobiles didn’t last as long as the gasoline powered automobiles, the designs and mechanics began with the understanding of Newton’s three laws of motion.
Sir Isaac Newton had lived a life surrounded by scientific and mechanical advancement, and his laws of motion helped several inventors and scientists achieve successful advancements. Newton’s work has impacted the automobile industry, started the Industrial Revolution, and helped him achieve fame.